Exhibit Planning & Handling


Witness appearing remote, by themselves, with documents to produce:

If the witness is required to bring documents to the deposition, it is important to discuss with witness in advance to determine:

  • Viability to send in advance
  • Volume of documents and pages
  • Access to a scanner or a print/copy center

Witness appearing at Phipps Reporting office is business as usual:

If the witness is coming to our office, we can have the documents scanned by our staff during a quick break or, depending on volume, before the depo starts.

Sharing potential exhibits in advance with all parties or at least the court reporter: 

Depending on the deposition, you might feel comfortable sharing potential exhibits with all parties before the deposition begins, including the court reporter.  This is the best-case scenario for a smooth proceeding in remote litigation.  Email your exhibits to scheduling@phippsreporting.com, notating Phipps Job number in the Subject line, along with any instructions. Send as far in advance as possible so we can work out the logistics involved with getting the documents to the court reporter.

No advanced sharing of potential exhibits can occur:

There are likely going to be depositions where you will want documents to remain unseen until the moment you introduce. Please consider sharing with the court reporter in advance and request that they remain confidential.  If you decide to keep documents private until a specific point in the deposition, you can present the document to all parties using Zoom’s Screen Share function or send the file directly through Zoom’s chat feature.

Sharing exhibits in advance with the court reporter:

Whether the court reporter is appearing remote or not, we always appreciate having the documents emailed to us in advance.  This enables the court reporter to better follow along, prepare dictionary in advance, place exhibit stickers, and more quickly edit and produce final transcripts.


Premarking:  Premark exhibits manually and scan or premark electronically using various electronic exhibit-marking tools available to the public for purchase.  

Bates numbering:  Utilizing Bates numbers on each page makes navigating documents much easier when participants are individually viewing a shared document. It is also a wonderful way to ensure the record accurately reflects all references to exhibit evidence.

Document titles:  If you already know the sequence of documents that are going to be marked as exhibits, consider including the exhibit number (e.g. “Exhibit 001”) in the name of the file.  We utilize a three-digit naming convention to uniformly handle exhibits across all cases where exhibits number into the hundreds.

PDF format:  We recommend preparing all documents to be shared in PDF format before sending to or sharing with other parties and the court reporter. 

Designated document computer:  We do not limit the number of connections into the Zoom meeting from your firm. Consider joining a device that is specifically loaded with all potential documents. Use this secondary device when ready to share a document, maintaining a full view of the witness from your primary device. 

Remote Technician:  We can assign a videographer to record the video feed of the witness and/or manage presentation of exhibit documents for you and add an extra level of comfort in dealing with all technical issues. There is a fee for this service. 


Method 1. Share your screen

Introduction into the record:  Please remember to verbalize what is being marked; exhibit number, description of the document, along with Bates number.  Doing so will ensure an accurate record and creates an efficient process for our court reporter.

1. Select the screen you want to share

You can also choose an individual application that is already open on your computer, the desktop, a whiteboard, or an iPhone/iPad.

2. (Optional) Enable these features

Check “Share Computer Sound” 

If you check this option, any sound played by your computer will be shared in the meeting; i.e., video.

Check “Optimize for full screen video clip” 

Check this if you will be sharing a video clip in full screen mode. Do not check this otherwise, as it may cause the shared screen to be blurry.

3. Click Share

A. Zoom will automatically switch to full screen to optimize the shared screen view.

B. Exiting full-screen, click “Exit Full Screen” in the top-right corner or press the “Esc” key.

C. Disable automatic full screen when viewing a shard screen, disable this option in your desktop client setting: Enter full screen automatically when a participate shares a screen.

NOTE: Learn more about sharing your screen through Zoom’s help center.

Method 2. Sending files through Zoom’s Chat

1. During a Zoom meeting click on Chat

2. Select More and choose the option to “Share file in meeting” to send a file.

3. The following indication will be seen once the file is successfully sent.

4. The participants will see a notice when a file is sent and will be given the option to download the file. Once Download is selected, they will be able to view the file.

Method 3. Send files using access to a secure cloud-based file service like OneDrive, Dropbox, Google Drive.

You can create a link to your documents or an individual document which can be shared to all parties in the Zoom group chat window. You can also modify the share settings within these services to control the ability for those with access to download, print, or even select/copy the text while viewing with the link you provide. This allows you complete control over document distribution and content sharing.

Witness interaction: “Can you underline that portion on the exhibit in front of you?” How can a witness or attorney add annotations to a document that is not in physical paper copy?

Method 1: While an attorney or witness is sharing their screen through Zoom’s Screen Share feature, any participant of the meeting can make annotations using various tools that offer the ability to highlight text, circle or underline, or add text to the document. Please note that the participant sharing the document must press the Save button (only available if you started the shared screen or whiteboard) which will save all annotations on the screen as a screenshot.

NOTE: Learn more about using annotation tools on a shared screen or whiteboard through Zoom’s help center.

Method 2: If the document is in PDF form, Adobe Acrobat Reader offers many of the same tools giving any participant the ability to download the exhibit to their computer, add annotations, then share the annotated file through Zoom’s chat feature to distribute to all parties.

WARNING: Do not forget to save any document that has annotations before exiting the screen!


If you have not already done so, email all exhibits to the court reporter, making certain that, if annotated during the deposition, the final version with annotations is sent.

If you saved annotation screen shots while sharing your screen during the meeting, please remember to include those images when sending.


Phipps Reporting is offering free training sessions to you or your firm, to work with these features in advance and ask questions. We will also provide you with a testing playground so that you can practice independently on your own.


1. While viewing another participant’s screen share, click the “View Options” dropdown menu located at the top of your in-meeting window

2. Select “Request Remote Control,” then click “Request” to confirm. The host or participant will get a notification asking if they want to allow you to control their screen.

3. Click inside the screen share to start controlling the participant’s screen.

4. To stop remote control, click the “View Options” dropdown and select “Give Up Remote Control.”


While screen sharing, you can give remote control to another participant who is in the meeting. If the participant is on iOS or Android, they can remote control your screen using their mobile device.

  1. While screen sharing, click “Remote Control” and select the participant you want to give control to. The participant can click anywhere on their screen to start control.
  2. To regain control, click anywhere on your screen. The other user can still restart remote control by clicking on their screen.

Tip: You can also click “Stop Share” to regain control and not allow the other participant to start
remote control again.

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