Witness appearing remote, by themselves, with documents to produce:

If the witness is required to bring documents to the deposition, it is important to discuss with witness in advance to determine:

  • Viability to send in advance
  • Volume of documents and pages
  • Access to a scanner or a print/copy center

Witness appearing at Phipps Reporting office is business as usual:

If the witness is coming to our office, we can have the documents scanned by our staff during a quick break or, depending on volume, before the depo starts.

Sharing potential exhibits in advance with all parties or at least the court reporter: 

Depending on the deposition, you might feel comfortable sharing potential exhibits with all parties before the deposition begins, including the court reporter.  This is the best-case scenario for a smooth proceeding in remote litigation.  Email your exhibits to, notating Phipps Job number in the Subject line, along with any instructions. Send as far in advance as possible so we can work out the logistics involved with getting the documents to the court reporter.

No advanced sharing of potential exhibits can occur:

There are likely going to be depositions where you will want documents to remain unseen until the moment you introduce. Please consider sharing with the court reporter in advance and request that they remain confidential.  If you decide to keep documents private until a specific point in the deposition, you can present the document to all parties using Zoom’s Screen Share function or send the file directly through Zoom’s chat feature.

Sharing exhibits in advance with the court reporter:

Whether the court reporter is appearing remote or not, we always appreciate having the documents emailed to us in advance.  This enables the court reporter to better follow along, prepare dictionary in advance, place exhibit stickers, and more quickly edit and produce final transcripts.


Premarking:  Premark exhibits manually and scan or premark electronically using various electronic exhibit-marking tools available to the public for purchase.  

Bates numbering:  Utilizing Bates numbers on each page makes navigating documents much easier when participants are individually viewing a shared document. It is also a wonderful way to ensure the record accurately reflects all references to exhibit evidence.

Document titles:  If you already know the sequence of documents that are going to be marked as exhibits, consider including the exhibit number (e.g. “Exhibit 001”) in the name of the file.  We utilize a three-digit naming convention to uniformly handle exhibits across all cases where exhibits number into the hundreds.

PDF format:  We recommend preparing all documents to be shared in PDF format before sending to or sharing with other parties and the court reporter. 

Designated document computer:  We do not limit the number of connections into the Zoom meeting from your firm. Consider joining a device that is specifically loaded with all potential documents. Use this secondary device when ready to share a document, maintaining a full view of the witness from your primary device. 

Remote Technician:  We can assign a videographer to record the video feed of the witness and/or manage presentation of exhibit documents for you and add an extra level of comfort in dealing with all technical issues. There is a fee for this service. 


If you are anticipating a large volume of documents to be shown during the deposition, you can send them to our office in advance and have our technician present each document to all participants at your direction. Allow our team to assist you with document sharing so that you can maintain your focus on the testimony taking place without having to worry about the handling of digital exhibit presentation.


Below is a means in which to test your Internet bandwidth speed via Google.  The advantage of utilizing this test in particular is at the end it specifically addresses webconferencing viability.  Another great test is  

You can find the Webex Bandwidth for Meetings here, which addresses upload/download speeds based on screen sharing and number of participants.


1.) Go to
2.) Search for “Internet Speed Test”
3.) Tap or click “Run Speed Test”

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